Visually Impaired Children – Sitting & Crawling
Visually Impaired Children – Sitting & Crawling
Before your child learns to move his body from one position to another, you will want to shift him from time to time so he will be more comfort and not stay inactive.
Even after he can move himself, he may not do so very much since he will not be attracted to things by sight. You will need to show him the fun of moving to explore and find a toy, to wave his arms, and kick his legs.
When you have turned him on his stomach, he will discover he can raise himself and gradually find that he can turn himself over to reach for and find toys that are hung above him in his crib.
About the time he learns this, you can start helping him sit in your lap. Then try propping him up with pillows in his crib. Later, you may want one of the seats designed for young children or you can make your own by cutting and padding a carton. As he sits up, his muscles will strengthen and he will gain ability to balance himself.
Parents should take turns holding and playing with him, and when he begins to sit fairly well, his brothers and sisters too can hold him if they are older and reliable enough to exercise proper cautions.
Having the attention of the various members of the family gives him a chance to learn to identify people and discover the differences in their voices, touch, and way of handling him. It also gives him a chance to feel close to them as well as his mother.
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How to Help Visually Impaired Children – Sitting & Crawling
When your child is able to sit alone, he can begin to enjoy many things that help him develop physically. You can use a chair that bounces or a little canvas swing set close enough to the floor for him to set it in motion by pushing with his feet. This will be a new experience so you should hold on to him at first to give him a sense of security.
If he is fearful, take him out and try it again later. You will not want to leave him in it alone for too long at a time. Stay close by and talk to him while he is in it.
Your child can use a playpen just as any other child does, but you will not want to leave him alone in it with-
out something to occupy his time.
He will not be able to watch what is happening around him, or look at the things in the room, or sights out the window as much as if he had normal vision, so he can become overly passive or develop undesirable behavior mannerisms that you may hear called blindisms. In an effort to entertain himself, he may try swaying back and forth or from side to side, rub or poke his eyes, wave his hands in front of his eyes, or use some other motion to give himself some sort of sensation that will help him pass the time.
This behavior easily can become a set pattern if he does not have enough attention and stimulation. Scatter a few of his toys on the floor of the playpen and help him learn how to search for and find them.
Be sure he has success in this so he will not lose interest. Tie a few items to the railing where he can locate them and not lose them. Give him a reasonable amount of attention, and he will be too interested in what he is doing to spend his time in meaningless motions even though he may try them once in a while.
Not too long after he has learned to sit alone with ease, he will be ready to start pulling himself up from a sitting position. Let him grasp your hands and with your help, pull him up. When he is in his crib or playpen show him how to reach up and grasp the rail. You may need to literally fit his little hand over the rail to do this.
Then, put your hand under his bottom and give him a gentle boost. Play with him pulling him upright and holding him balanced for short periods of time. As he begins to learn the fun of pulling up and as his leg muscles strengthen, he will try to get up without your help.
He may go down with a bump often in the beginning, but soon he will learn how to lower himself more easily. Pulling up and sitting down is preliminary to learning to balance on his feet and stand alone, accomplishments he must master before he can start walking.
Along with sitting in his playpen and pulling himself up, he will be making starts at moving about. He has learned by now, how to use his arms and legs to explore and find things, and when they are out of his reach he will begin to stretch more to get to them and thus start moving his whole body from place to place.
No two children start crawling at the same time or in the same way, necessarily. They start when they have a desire to get from one spot to another and have developed enough use of their muscles to use them for such a purpose.
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When your baby starts to crawl
- you should give him freedom outside his playpen. Leave it where he can find it to go and come from as he pleases, but not confined to it. Encourage him to move out by placing a toy a short distance from him. Tell him where it is or set it in motion so he can hear it. Part of the time, use a musical toy that he can hear. Ask him to come to you. Lengthen the distance he needs to go to reach his goal as he learns more about following a sound. It is not too early for him to begin listening and using sound as a help.
Plan definite periods of exploration, for your child since often, not seeing or not seeing well, he will not be attracted to new places and things without stimulation and help. Attention and encouragement from members of the family will foster his learning and his sense of belonging to the group.
Soon he will start ranging farther from his home base.He will discover furniture, doors, walls V at limit the room. He will find that he can pull up by them as he can by the railing of his crib and playpen.
As he has bodily contact with the things in his home, he will become familiar with the place in which he lives and it will have more meaning for him. This will give him the courage to start walking when he is a little older.
About this time, you should introduce him to rowdier play than he has known. He needs to realize that things are not all soft and gentle. Play push-pull games with him, such as see-saw, pull him across the floor by his hands or feet, give him a ride on your foot. Try some of the singing games with action, such as RIDE A COCK HORSE, and THIS IS THE WAY THE LADIES RIDE.
These things help him learn that he need not be afraid of sudden noises, jolts, and small bumps. Every child receives bumps, scratches, and has falls and minor accidents. You must allow your child these experiences too, even though he may have more than the child who sees normally. Of course, you are going to try to guard him against hurting himself badly or becoming unnecessarily frightened, but you must steel yourself not to be unnecessarily protective. He can never become independent if he is too guarded to gain any experience. He has to learn by doing and like all children, will fall and have bumps.
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Visually Impaired Children – Sitting & Crawling Article Source : This article courtesy should goes to Guide for parents of preschool visually handicapped childrens by Dorothy Bryan.