Teach Dressing to Visually Impaired Children
Teach Dressing to Visually Impaired Children
Instinctively a child begins undressing, pulling off socks and clothes, before he is interested in putting them on. Even so, you can start preparation for learning to dress by telling him about his clothes (their color and use) as you put them on him, and handing him a sock or shoe to hold until you are ready for it when you are dressing him.
While telling him about each item, let him examine it by touch and by use of any sight he may have. From this, you can move into showing him how to do the simple things.
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For example, take hold of his leg and guide his feet into the right opening as you put on his panties. Help him learn the right opening for each foot if pants are to pull up into the right place. Let him learn to hold up his arms for you to start the shirt over his head and guide his arms into the armholes. After you get his head and arms through his shirt or undershirt, let him pull it down.
When you start teaching him to put things on for himself, be sure to choose the simple, easy to manage clothes instead of the complicated ones he may own that look attractive, but are not designed for the child to handle without your help.
Place his clothes on a chair seat or the foot of a bed where he can reach them and help him learn which to put on first. He will have to be shown how to get his arms into the armholes and the different ways to do this when the garment opens, as compared with the one that goes over the head.
Little girls will need to see how to work their heads up through the skirt of a dress so the head comes out of the dress neck. Little boys will go through a similar procedure for some shirts. They must learn how to find the front and back of pants so that they will fit as they should, then how to fit one foot and then the other into the legs before standing up to pull the garment into place.
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How can we help blind child to dress
In the beginning, you may want to hand the pants to your child with the top toward him and turned in the right direction. Later, you can lay them out with the top facing the child so that he will pick them up in the easiest way for handling.
Choose socks that fit loosely so your child will not have to struggle to get them on. Show him how to feel the heel and be sure he gets it to the underside of his foot. Help him recognize the difference in the feel of the shape of the soles of his shoes so that he can tell which goes on which foot.
This is not easy for a child who sees well, so you will need to work at this learning task for some time. Talk about which is right and which is left, and help him learn his right foot and hand from his left ones. Show him how he can place his hand on the bottom of his shoe when he is putting the shoe on to help get it in place by pushing it as he shoves his foot downward.
While he is still mastering the art of dressing, you should fasten things for him. Later, he can learn to tie, button, zip, and snap his clothes. Too many procedures at one time can be confusing for a child. Also, at this stage he is not ready for small muscle control required in fastening as much as he will be a little later. Teach him each thing as he appear.; to be ready for it if you want the learning to be as easy as possible.
When you note that some step in dressing seems particularly difficult for him, calmly give him suggestions as to how to do it. Break the process down into a step by step procedure so that he can learn the order in which he needs to attack the job. He is going to need much repetition before he gains the ability to dress and undress alone.
Consistently see that he does what he can independently, and lend him a hand with the other areas of dressing. Tell and show him the way he can manage by himself next time. Praise him when he succeeds in doing for himself, and do not show impatience when he fails. This learning is another area in which a visually handicapped child cannot easily imitate the acts of others.
He is going to be frustrated by not getting into and out of things as quickly and easily as he would like to. Both of you will grow weary of repetition essential to all of this learning. You, however, must remember, to gain respect for himself and have a feeling of worth, your child must become independent and able to rely upon himself.
It would be simpler and easier for you to dress him than to try to show him how to do it himself. When time is at a premium, it is a temptation to save time by taking over for him. Remind yourself that when you do this, you retard his learning, so instead of saving time you are wasting it. Later, you will be rewarded for your patience during this period as you see your child eager and able to manage for himself.
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Teach Dressing to Visually Impaired Children Article Source : This article courtesy should goes to Guide for parents of preschool visually handicapped childrens by Dorothy Bryan.