Non social Instincts of Preschool Child

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Non social Instincts of Preschool Child

Gross Bodily Activity    

This  tendency  is present  from birth,for the infant when awake is almost constantly active.   At first his movements  involve the large body muscles but  later his endless  spontaneous and involuntary movements  involve all parts  of the body.

The opinion of leading students  of child life  is becoming more and more that these movements are unlearned at the outset  and that the  child’s ultimate  control of his body  is due to his  original tendencies.   The  first  two years  of the  child’s  life is  taken up with the  attainment  of holding the head steady,  sitting, standing,  stooping, walking,  running,  climbing, jumping,  balancing,  and so on, but their perfection is  so slow and their beginnings  so  imperfect  that their instinctive  origin is  lost  sight  of and we  are  inclined to think that we taught the  child these accomplishments.

In his  fourth week when supported so that  the  soles  of his feet touched slightly the  surface of a table,  lifted his  feet  rhythmically and strode forward with great “goose steps.”   Yet it was not until fifteen months  later that he was  ready to walk. It  is of course important that opportunities for exercise and the resulting pain or pleasure be alloyed to function in the perfection of control, but if the connection in the nervous  system are  not present the activity can not be called into being.   Since the demand for bodily activity  seems  to  increase with the  development  of the nervous  system,  the muscles  and the bony  structure,  it  must  follow that as  the  child grows  older the greater  opportunity he must have  for physical activity.

“Nerve currents which later will work themselves  out  in terms of mental  states now result  in movement.   Curtis  found that the very young child can not  sit motionless  for more than thirty  seconds,  nor  children  from five to ten for more than one minute.”

The  small  child’s  nervous system is  flooded with tendencies  to movement,  the  expression of which is far more essential to his education than learning to “count  four.”   The tendency to activity  is  the raw material with which education can begin.

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“Nothing has been more  clearly  revealed in our  study of child life than that  education  ‘comes  in through the muscles.'”

Non social Instincts of Preschool Child

Non social Instincts of Preschool Child

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Manipulation

or the  tendency to handle objects appears  soon after birth.    The  infant  pulls,  rubs,  fingers,  squeezes,  turns, rattles, throws  or  fumbles  everything and anything with which his  eager fingers  can come  into  contact.   The small child’s emphatic request to “let me feel  it” suggests  how satisfying the  activity must  be.   Manipulation for its  own sake  is  as  spontaneous  and without motive  as the  gross  bodily movements.

At the  outset  they are  neither  constructive nor  destructive but  are  capable of being directed to  either. Man’s  skill and technique  in the  arts  and crafts of life  is  due to  the original nature  of his  facility  in using his hands. The  difficulty  of perfecting an accomplishment  depends  largely upon the reorganization of original  reactions which it  demands. The  importance  of handwork for pre-school  children  is  obvious  and to  ignore this phase  of development  is  to  deny the  child the  realization of his  abilities.


Non social Instincts of Preschool Child Article Source ; The Psycology of preschool child Submitted by Iris Coldwell Frampton

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