First 6 Years of Blind or Visually Impaired Babies


First 6 Years of Blind or Visually Impaired Babies – This Article contained first, second, third, fourth, fifth and six years milestones of Blind children.

First Year 

Should be ably to


1- Sit unsupported for several minutes.

2 – Pull himself to a standing position and lower himself to a sitting one.

3 – Imitate sounds.

4 – Drink from a cup or glass, helping to hold it.

5 – Stand alone and walk forward when held by both hands.

6 – Perform simple pantomime, like pat-a-cake.

7 – Hand over a toy on request.


Suggestions for first year 

Do not confine too long to one position.

Let him move about freely while you are near. (Blind children often do not creep.)

Teaching him to take hie first steps alone   (  have two adult sitting opposite each other with a little walking space,  gradually increase this.   Then encourage child to run to one and then the other. )

Urge him to eat crackers or similar food alone;  place his hand on glass  when you are feeding him.

Encourage vocal play,  try to get him to imitate sounds

Let him help in dressing by extending arms and legs.



First 6 Years of Blind or Visually Impaired Babies

First 6 Years of Blind or Visually Impaired Babies

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Related ArticlesToys Play Ideas for Blind and Visually Impaired Children


Third Year     

Should be  able to   


  1. Remove coat or simple garment, put  on with some help.
  2. Dry hands by himself.
  3. Ask to go to toilet and help with panties.
  4. Put pegs  in large pegboard without  help.
  5. Listen’ to simple story.
  6. Use pronouns   “I,”  “me”  “you,”  plural form and past tense.


Suggestions  for third year     

Good time to start  routine;  child likes it. He also likes to find things in accustomed places.

Let child help with simple tasks, such as  helping put groceries away.

Begin to teach him to wash face and hands.

Tell him stories about activities at home, information about nature, animals, and people.

Play equipment- Clay, blocks of all sizes, large wooden beads or spools to string,  dolls, transportation and housekeeping toys, tricycle.

Provide low rod and hooks for his towel and washcloth.


Fourth Year

Should be able to


  1. Jump with both feet from a low box or from bottom steps.
  2. Walk downstairs, one step per tread.
  3. Unbutton front and side buttons, if not too small.
  4. Make recognizable mud pies or cakes.


Suggestions  for fourth year 

If you have not taken definite  steps to bring some playmates into his life, this is the time to begin. It is  a good time  for nursery or Sunday School.

Get yard play equipment. Let child know his limitations out-of doors,  and that he must not  cross the street.

Can now sit at table,  string beads.

Can use clay.   Build with blocks.

Sharing housework with you with toy equipment is good.

Play equipment:     Garden tools,  doll clothes with large buttons and buttonholes. Blackboard and chalk for a child with some vision.

Related Articles – Teach Dressing to Visually Impaired Children

First 6 Years of Blind or Visually Impaired Babies guide 1

First 6 Years of Blind or Visually Impaired Babies guide

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Fifth Year 

Should be able to 

1 – Care for himself at the toilet.

2 – Wash face unassisted.

3 – Go next door unattended.

4  – Dress himself except tying strings.

5 – Dramatize songs or stories.

6 – Skip or hop on one foot.


Suggestions for fifth year 

Encourage him to make something with his hands and to finish what he has started, but don’t make an issue of this.

The blind child needs help in keeping himself constructively occupied and in getting satisfaction and self-confidence which come only through success;  hence the suggestion that we find opportunities for him to make something acceptable enough to be given away as a present, hold him responsible for the performance of  some little household duties.

It is not easy to find handicraft material for a blind child of this age for he is likely to be a bit retarded in the development of the motor control and coordination for this work.   This is all the more reason for interesting him in it by patient teaching  without causing undue strain.

The most likely possibilities are stringing large beads, macaroni – very coarse weaving; modeling objects in clay, such as marbles or a vase;  painting with water colors or finger paints for joy of painting, or decorating paper for wrapping.

Blocks are creative material, but, in general, blind children show  little spontaneous interest in them; presumably, concepts of architecture are lacking.

Play equipment:   roller skates;  easel with easel paper; water paints with brush at least one-half inch wide; blackboard; simple musical instrument mouth harmonica, triangle, or drum.


Sixth Year 

Should be able to  


  1. Use skates, sled, and wagon.
  2. Leave home for school or other destination without undue difficulty in parting.
  3. Ask questions about meaning of words and how things work.
  4. Adjust to modern kindergarten regulations.

Related Articles – Visually Impaired Children – Sitting & Crawling

Suggestions for sixth year 

Play equipment –   Same as for 5 years Your attitude about entering your child in public school or a

residential school for the blind is important. If the child takes into this wider world a real sense of security derived from your wise and devoted guidance and training during his early years, you will certainly feel that life does truly reward genuine effort.

First 6 Years of Blind or Visually Impaired Babies – This Article contained first, second, third, fourth, fifth and six years milestones of Blind children.

Article source : Preschool Blind Child by Billie Taylor , Colorado School for deaf and the blind


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