Examples of Communication Disorders in Children

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Examples of Communication Disorders in Children

“Doctor, my little girl Celia is three-years-old, but she just doesn’t seem to be learning to talk.  She hardly ever says more than one word at a time. Is something wrong?”

“Nobody can understand what our Sara says, even though she’s five.  And she acts so strange.  She doesn’t hear the telephone bell ring, but she understands everything her grandmother says to her over the phone.  Do you think she’s emotionally disturbed?”

“Brian is three-and-a-half and he talks all the time. Sometimes I wish I could turn him off. But his two-
year-old brother speaks better than he does. Brian throws temper tantrums and hits other children. Do you think he’s showing his jealousy of his baby brother?”

“Our Chris—he’s two now—has had his share of problems. He was born with a cleft palate and the surgeons have operated twice already. We thought everything would be all right, but even though Chris jabbers constantly, the only word we can understand is ‘more.’ And he snorts and snuffles so. What can we do?”

 

These parents feel bewildered, and troubled. Celia and Sara and Brian and Chris act like normal, delightful children, except when it comes to talking. Then something seems to be out of kilter: the gears don’t seem to mesh.

If you are one of these parents you are right to be concerned. Talking, oral communication, is the most difficult skill a child can master: he needs all the be help can get. Perhaps nothing is wrong, but you want to be sure. And so you go to your doctor who may refer you to a specialist in communication disorders.

The sooner you do this, the better. The old idea of “Wait and see, maybe he’ll grow out of it,” is simply bad advice. By the time they are four, many children are using a vocabulary of 1000 words and they understand another 2000 to 3000.  They are speaking conversational-style English correctly and intelligibly, using past tense, future tense, plurals, prepositions,conjunctions.

The child in trouble will have a lot of catching up to do before he can hope to compete with these children in school. Learning to talk has a speak season between the ages of two and five. Never again will a child be as ready, as flexible, as quick to learn language.  Thus the best advice, the proven truth, is that the earlier you can find the child in trouble, the better your chances of helping him.

But how do children learn to talk? Who can tell if they are having difficulty?

Examples of Communication Disorders in Children : Examples of speech, hearing, and language difficulty of Preschool child.

Examples of Communication Disorders in Children

What is communication disorder ?

Until a child learns to express his ideas and his wants in words, so that other people can understand him,he is not able to take his place in the human family. A communication disorder is any special difficulty he has in learning to communicate aloud, in words. Three functions are involved: speech, hearing, and language.

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SPEECH is a way of using the breath and certain muscles to make sounds in very precise patterns which other people understand as words.  Speech can be heard.

HEARING is the child’s first and main connection with the talking world.  Through the ear and the nerves which carry sound signals to the brain, a baby learns to listen. First he becomes aware that sound exists, then that certain sounds mean something, and finally that when he makes sounds which resemble the sounds he hears, other people will understand him.

LANGUAGE is the link between hearing and speech. Language means understanding sounds as words, thinking in words, clothing ideas in words. Language is silent.

The child with a communication disorder can have difficulty in any or all of these three areas. If he cannot speak and make sounds clearly enough for other people to understand him, he will not only have trouble expressing his ideas, but he will also be slow to learn meanings because he cannot ask such questions as: “What’s that, Mommy?”

If he cannot hear well, he will have a hard time distinguishing the difference between sounds, understanding what they mean, and learning to say them himself.

If he cannot master language, spoken sounds won’t mean much to him. He will find it hard to match sounds with meanings, and hard to find words for his own thoughts.

Such children are not hopeless. But someone has to figure out just where the problem lies so that each child can get that extra boost to help him learn.

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Examples of Communication Disorders in Children Article Source :  Learning to talk by National Inst. of Health Bethesda ,Md,  document

 

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