Development of Motor Coordination of Child

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Development of Motor Coordination of Child

Child Psychology 

The  first movements of the  infant  are spontaneous  and random, not dependent upon external  stimuli,  but  result  from general bodily conditions. Very  soon,  however,  movements  resulting from forces within,  are modified in response to  stimuli  from without.

During the second quarter of the  first year combinations  of movements  such as  reaching for an object while maintaining equilibrium and even moving the head and body with the hand,  are attaihed.   No longer are the movements  of the different parts  of the body independent  of each other but  are so coordinated that many six months old children can draw themselves to the sitting position.   Thus  are associations  of sensations  and movements  formed.

Beginning at  about  four months  the  rhythmic,  coordinated movements  of groups of muscles  come  into  prominence,  and the child repeats  over and over the playful combinations,  exercising and associating muscles  and senses.Toward the  close of the  first year,  coordination of the larger muscles has developed considerably. The  child can draw himself to his  feet, hold on to  a support with one hand and reach for a toy with the  other.

Some  children can walk with ease,  stoop,grasp  something and rise  again by the  time they are a year old. The development  during the  first year is  from the use of one or two  groups  of muscles to the  coordinated use  of the  large muscles  of the  arms, hands, body,  legs and head in cooperation with touch,  sight  and hearing.   The mental development  of the  child bears  direct  relation to the motor development–for example,mentally deficient  children are  found to be delayed several months  in walking.

Development of Motor Coordination of Child : Developing Motor Skills,fine motor skills development in childhood,and Understand Child Psychology.

Development of Motor Coordination of Child

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“Motor tests  and items have a fundamental place in developmental diagnosis because they reveal significant  facts  relating to  the maturity of the neuro muscular system.”

A child’s  ability  to draw with chalk, pencil  or crayon is,in most mental tests,  taken as  indicative  of his motor development.   With small  children drawing is usually a play activity. Not until  the  child is a year old doet he take any interest  in scribbling and at eighteen months spontaneous  scrawling is universal.

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The  earliest  drawing is  long,  vertical strokes made with a waving gesture,  the pencil held like  a hammer.    Horizontal strokes  are  accomplished much  later.

By the eighteenth month circular swings  are  introduced but  not until  the middle  of the third year is  the  child able  to make even an irregular circle.

Three year old  children will  try to follow an outline but with little  success while  four year olds  can hold to outlines with considerable precision if the  forms  are  simple.   By the time  a child is  five years  old he  can keep well within bounds  in tracing the points of a star.

Baldwin and Stecher’s  six centimeter walking board test  for skill in general. bodily control gives the results that at three years the average ability was to  slide the  feet  along sideways  at  right angles  to  the board,  at four years they alternated feet,  slowly and lost their balance frequently, and at  five years were able to walk it  imperfectly and without  confidence  Other tests also  indicate that the period of greatest development is between three and five years.

Development of Motor Coordination of Child Article Source ; The Psychology of preschool child Submitted by Iris Coldwell Frampton

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