1 Year Old Talking Milestone
1 Year Old Talking Milestone
The baby spent his first year in a pre-language state, developing a readiness to listen. He will spend his second year in a pre-speech state, developing a readiness to talk. This happens as he comes to recognize that certain sounds stand for certain objects.
His responses show this. He reacts to the sound of the human voice by jabbering, to the sound of scolding by frowning, to thunder by crying and to the sound of his mother working about the house by quieting.
By his 12th month he can understand some words.
“Cup, show me the cup,” his father demands, and the baby will look toward or point at the cup.
About the time he is a year-and-a-half-old, the child seems to stretch his hearing skills. He will pay attention to sounds which come from a considerable distance, from another room or outside, sounds which he ignored before.
At this age some children can identify parts of their bodies. Say “nose” and they point to their nose, “mouth” and they touch their mouth. They still need your gestures to help them understand what you say.
For most parents the most exciting event in their child’s second year is his first word. But just because your baby makes the sound “mamamama” doesn’t mean that he is using the sound to mean his mother.
He must be actually saying the sound for the purpose of communication before you can be really certain that he has said a word. Not until “mama” means “Mother, come here,” or “Mother, lift me up,” is he using the sound in the sense of a tool.
The first words he uses are most often words of command (“mum” for “I want milk”) or words of recognition (“goggie” when he sees a dog). They are not pronounced perfectly. Almost always they contain the sounds he has practiced earlier in his vocal play, sounds which he can make easily.
Many of these words have a very general meaning. “Goggie” can mean a dog, a cat, a stuffed lion, or a horse. As time goes on you will teach him to notice the differences between these objects and the appropriate names for each of them. You will help him understand that “animal” and not “goggie” is a general name which can refer to all these forms, but that a dog, a cat, a ilon, a horse, and a toy are each different enough to deserve their own special names as well.
You are not only teaching him to talk; you are teaching him to think in your terms, to notice the differences which you think are important.
Two other kinds of vocalization appear in the baby’s second year: jargon and echolalia. Jargon is a stream of unintelligible jabber which usually develops between the 12th and 15th month. It is the child’s practice of fluency, his way of bridging the gap between his few hesitant words and the rushing torrent of sounds in adult speech. Rather than simply playing with sounds, the child jabbers purposively. He “talks” to his toys and to you, seldom repeating the same syllable twice.
Jargon reaches its peak at 18 months, when another form of sound-making also appears, one that can put a mother in doubts about her sanity. Called echolalia, it is the child’s parrot-like echoing of the speech he hears. Often he does this without thinking, his attention elsewhere.
Echolalia goes like this: “Baby want some milk?” “Want some milk?”
“Here is your cup.” “Here cup.”
And on and on. Echolalia seldom lasts beyond age two-and-a-half.
Meanwhile, vocal play continues, usually when the child is alone in bed, as he practices the sounds he uses to respond to the vocal world around him. You will hear him playing with repeated syllables or making streams of “S” sounds. He finds he can use his new teeth to whistle, and he does.
1 Year Old Talking Milestone Article Source : Learning to talk by National Inst. of Health Bethesda ,Md, document